Why Do Cats Put Their Ears Back?

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We all know that ears are for hearing. But a cat’s ears also move with their emotional state, so they can tell you a lot about how a cat is feeling. Most of the time, when a cat’s ears are back, it means they are experiencing some degree of distress.

However, it’s not always that straightforward, and subtle differences in ear position can indicate very different moods.

Quick Overview

01

A cat’s ears move with their emotional state; this can tell you how they are feeling.

02

Cats hold their ears flat back against their head when they are feeling frightened or aggressive.

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Never attempt to handle a cat that has its ears pinned back as you might get scratched or bitten.

A Little About Cat Ears

Cats use their ears like satellite dishes, rotating them up to 180 degrees to pick up the sounds around them.

Most humans cannot move their ears at all, though some people can wiggle them slightly. Cat ears, however, are surprisingly mobile. Cats can rotate their ears up to 180 degrees, particularly when trying to locate a sound. This is especially useful when cat are hunting as it allows them to detect even the quietest of noises made by their prey.

Also Read: 12 Cat Breeds With Adorable Big Ears

The external parts of a cat’s ears that we can see on their head (the outer ears) are called the pinnae. Each ear pinna can move backward, forwards, and rotate sideways, and all of these movements can be made independently of the other ear.

This is because there are 32 muscles in a cat’s ear. When compared with a human’s meager nine ear muscles, it’s easy to see why cats will always win at ear mobility.

Why Do Cats Put Their Ears Back?

Most of the time, a cat that has their ears back is not a happy cat. However, this isn’t always the case. When a cat puts their ears back, it can be for several different reasons.

1. They Are Nervous

Nervousness or fear may cause a cat to hold their ears flat and sideways.

If your cat’s ears are flattened but facing sideways rather than backward, it usually means your cat is feeling anxious or nervous about something. This ear position is sometimes referred to as “airplane ears,” so called because it looks as though they’re about to take off in flight. Nervousness or fear is the most common cause for a cat to put their ears back.

Also Read: 8 Ways To Help a Scared and Fearful Cat Be Confident

2. They’re About To Get The Zoomies

Cats sometimes briefly hold their ears back and the sides if they are about to playfully start racing around.

Cats will also sometimes put their ears back in “airplane mode” when they are about to charge around your house for no apparent reason. This sudden burst of energy is often referred to as ‘”the zoomies”.

Cats will sometimes zoom as a way to invigorate themselves after a long sleep or to practice their hunting skills. Some cats zoom around the house after they’ve passed a stool in their litter box. Whatever the reason, you’ll likely see your cat do airplane ears just before they take off on a zooming episode.

Also Read: Why Do Cats Love String?

3. They Are Afraid

Ears turned back and held flat against the head is a sign of fear.

A scared cat will usually flatten their ears backward against their head. This might be accompanied by low growls or hisses and their body will probably be crouched low to the ground. The cat might be ready to defend themself against another cat or a dog, or you might see this behavior on a visit to the veterinarian.

Anxiety or fear will quickly escalate to aggression in cats, so never try to handle a cat in this state. An aggressive cat is likely to bite or scratch if it is handled.

Also Read: When Will My Cat Stop Hissing at the New Kitten?

4. They Are Unwell

Cats that are feeling sick or are in pain might hold their ears turned out to the sides.

If your cat has her ears back and turned facing outward, this could be a sign that she is feeling under the weather or painful. Cats can be good at hiding signs of illness but this can be a tell-tale sign that your cat isn’t feeling so great. Observe her closely for any other symptoms and contact your veterinarian for medical advice.

Also Read: What Can You Give A Cat For Pain? 6 Vet-Recommended Options

5. They Have An Ear Infection

Holding ears in different positions could indicate a problem with one of the ears.

If your cat is holding one ear back and the other is in a neutral position, this could be a sign that she has a sore ear. Ear infections, which can be very painful, occur when bacteria build up in the ear canal.

A cat with an ear infection might also act more withdrawn. You might notice that the ear canal has an odor, or that your cat is shaking their head, or scratching their ear more than usual.

The eardrum can rupture if an ear infection is left untreated, so take your cat to the veterinarian if they are showing any of these signs. The veterinarian will use an instrument called an otoscope to examine your cat’s ear canal and eardrum.

Antibiotic ear drops are usually used to treat an ear infection. Occasionally, corticosteroids are also needed to settle down the inflammation within the ear canal.

Also Read: Prednisolone For Cats: Dosage, Safety & Side Effects

6. They Have Ear Mites

Ear mites can cause changes in the way your cat holds their ears.

Ear mites are common in cats, particularly in kittens and young cats. They can be intensely irritating and can cause symptoms similar to that of an ear infection, including head shaking and ear scratching.

Your cat might flick their ears more than usual or might hold their ears back. Ear mites can cause excess wax production that is usually dark brown or black in color. Your veterinarian will be able to diagnose ear mites and advise you on the best treatment.

Also Read: The 7 Best Ear Mite Treatments For Cats

7. They Have A Polyp

Fearful cat

Polyps in the ear can be uncomfortable or cause ear infections, resulting in your cat holding their ears oddly.

Some cats can have benign growths called polyps that grow behind the ear drum in the middle ear. They can sometimes result in ear infections and similar signs such as ear scratching, head shaking, or holding the ear back or down.

The middle ear is connected to the throat, so polyps can sometimes affect your cat’s breathing if they grow large. Take your cat to the veterinarian if they have any of the symptoms mentioned.

Also Read: Systemic Fungal Infections In Cats: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

8. There Is A Loud Sound or Wind

Cats can rotate their ears up to 180 degrees, particularly when trying to locate a sound.

If there is a sudden loud sound, a cat will instinctively put their ears back to protect their eardrums. Cats have excellent hearing so their ears are much more sensitive to loud sounds than ours are.

Your cat will also put their ears back against their head to protect their ear canals from the wind. Not only is the sound of wind unbearably loud to a cat, but the sensation of wind in their ears is very unpleasant, just as it is to people.

Also Read: The 10 Sounds Cats Love Most

9. They Are Trying To Locate A Sound

Cats move their ears in all directions when trying to pinpoint a sound.

Cats will swivel their ears when they are trying to hear where a sound is coming from. If the sound is coming from the side of them or from behind them, a cat will put their ears back to try and hear the sound better.

A cat’s excellent sense of hearing, along with their ability to locate sounds, both help to make cats successful predators.

10. They Are Content

Some cats let their ears fall back when they are feeling especially relaxed or happy.

Though most of the time cats putting their ears back is an indicator of a negative mood, some cats will put their ears back when they are relaxed and happy. A contented cat will relax their ears so that they are slightly facing back, rather than putting them flat back against their head.

Another sign that your cat is happy when their ears are back is that they might be purring loudly.

Also Read: The 12 Best Cat Toys: Keep Your Cat Fit And Happy With These Irresistible Toys

How Can I Tell Why My Cat’s Ears Are Back?

Causes of Ear Discharge in Cats

Ears held back, especially if the ears are held flat against the head, is usually the sign of an unhappy cat.

Most of the time, it’s fairly easy to tell why your cat’s ears are back by looking at the context of the situation. If your cat is being threatened by another cat or is being examined at the vet, and they have their ears flat back against their head, then chances are your cat is frightened, something that can quickly lead to aggression.

If your cat is putting their ears back because they are feeling unwell, they might be showing other signs of illness as well, such as lethargy, vomiting, or diarrhea. You can usually tell if your cat moved their ears back due to a loud sound, or if it is windy outside.

What Do Other Ear Positions In Cats Mean?

1. Neutral Ears

Neutral ears indicate a relaxed cat.

If your cat’s ears are neither forward nor back and they’re in a neutral position, your cat is probably not experiencing any particularly strong emotion. They are probably feeling relaxed and safe in their surroundings.

2. Ears Gently Facing Forwards

A cat with ears gently turned forward is likely feeling content and relaxed.

If your cat is gently facing their ears forward, then they are feeling content and relaxed, possibly even a little sleepy. They might also be purring and gently closing their eyes. This is probably a good time to give your cat a stroke or a little chin rub.

3. Ears Erect And Facing Forwards

Can You Shave a Cat

Ears held erect and pricked forward indicates alertness and curiosity.

Your cat will have ears that are erect and facing forwards when they are alert and ready for action. They might have seen a bird or mouse, or might have heard an interesting sound that they are trying to locate the source of. This might be a good opportunity to play with your cat with a fun toy such as a feather teaser or a catnip mouse.

Also Read: The 5 Best Interactive Cat Toys

Summary

understanding your cat's senses

To determine why your cat’s ears are back, look at the context of the situation and your cat’s body language.

Who knew that something as simple as a cat putting their ears back could mean so many different things? If a cat has their ears flat back against their head, this usually means they are frightened or in an aggressive mood.

However, if your cat has their ears gently facing back, this could mean that they are actually very relaxed and happy. To know why your cat’s ears are back, look at the context of the situation and the rest of your cat’s body language. The better you can understand your cat’s moods, the happier your relationship will be!

Also Read: Do Cats Know When You Are Sad?

Frequently Asked Questions

Do cats put their ears back when they play?

Cats do sometimes put their ears back when they play. Sometimes they might also swivel their ears around, dilate their pupils, and flick their tails.

Why do cats do airplane ears?

When a cat faces her ears outward and sideways, this is often referred to as "airplane ears." It can look as though your cat is about to take off in flight, and they probably are! Airplane ears happen when your cat is feeling frightened or uncomfortable and they can sometimes lead to aggressive behavior.

What does it mean when a cat’s ears are pinned back?

This usually means that your cat is extremely frightened and might become aggressive. You should not attempt to handle a cat that has its ears pinned back as you are likely to get scratched or bitten.

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About Dr. Joanna Woodnutt, MRCVS

Dr. Joanna Woodnutt (MRCVS) is a small animal veterinarian and writer who is passionate about helping owners to learn more about their pets in order to improve animal welfare. She loves to write and wants to empower owners to make the best decisions for their pets by giving them all the information they need. In her spare time, she takes consultations on the small island of Guernsey.

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