Maine Coon Cat

Maine Coon
Overview
Characteristics
Maine Coon
Temperament
? The breed’s dominant personality traits. While each individual has a unique personality, breed-specific genetics affect qualities like sociability, playfulness, and intelligence.
Gregarious, kind, intelligent, family-oriented
Origin
? Where this breed was first established.
United States
Other Names
? In addition to their official names, most breeds earn a few nicknames.
Maine cat, Coon Cat, American Coon Cat, American Longhair, Maine Shag, American Forest Cat, Gentle Giant
Group
? Breeds are grouped by their size and coat type.
Large Longhair
Height
? The typical adult height among individuals of this breed. Height is measured from the top of the head to the bottom of the front paws.
10"-16"
Body Length
? The typical adult body length among individuals of this breed. A cat’s length is measured from the base of the tail to the tip of the nose.
12"-18"
Weight
? The typical adult weight range of this cat breed.
9-20 pounds
Life Expectancy
? The average lifespan of the breed. While life expectancy is fairly consistent across all cat breeds, some breeds tend to live shorter or longer than others.
9-15 years
Price
? The average price.
$400-$2000
Affection Level
? Breeds with a high affection level want to give and receive a lot of attention, while less-affectionate breeds are not as interested in petting and snuggles.
0 100%
100%
Activity Level
? Breeds with high activity levels will engage more in active play and demand more space and attention.
0 100%
50%
Pet-Friendly
? How well the breed tends to get along with cats, dogs, and other pets.
0 100%
80%
Kid-Friendly
? Breeds with a higher rating in this area tend to be gentle and patient, while lower-rated breeds may feel uncomfortable with children.
0 100%
100%
Sociability
? Breeds with a higher sociability rating will want to spend time with you all day, while less-sociable breeds seldom seek out human interaction.
0 100%
100%
Intelligence
? Breeds with higher intelligence ratings are more curious, investigative, and easy to train. Less-intelligent breeds are less trainable but often laid-back and easygoing.
0 100%
80%
Playfulness
? Breeds that score higher in this area have strong hunting instincts that make them great playtime companions.
0 100%
60%
Independence
? Breeds that score higher in this area are able to spend hours alone, while less-independent breeds require plenty of attention.
0 100%
30%
Vocality
? A higher rating in this area indicates a breed prone to plenty of meowing and other vocalizations, while less-vocal breeds are happy to stay quiet.
0 100%
30%
Grooming
? Breeds with higher grooming scores require more maintenance like brushing and bathing, while lower-scored breeds are virtually maintenance-free.
0 100%
80%

About the Maine Coon Cat

Bold features, a thick, luxurious coat, and an incredibly friendly personality set the Maine Coon cat apart from the rest. These gorgeous kitties love to play, yet they enjoy taking time out for a well-earned nap when the mood strikes. Often, they’ll snuggle up next to their favorite people, which can be quite helpful on chilly evenings!

The Main Coon’s purr is warmly expressive, and it’s often loud enough to be heard from several feet away. Their vocalizations are surprisingly quiet for such big cats, but their vocabularies can be extensive, with a range of chirps and meows that help you understand exactly what they’re saying.

One of the largest cat breeds in existence today, and one of the most popular breeds worldwide, the Maine Coon has a heart to match its stature. These kitties tend to love people and get along well with other pets. They are ideal for families as they tend to have an appreciation for children. When you meet a Maine Coon cat, you'll understand why they are nicknamed the gentle giants of the cat world!

About the Maine Coon Cat

Care

Maine Coon Cat Care
Nutrition
Nutrition
Grooming
Grooming
Exercise
Exercise
Health
Health

Maine Coon cats have no special nutritional needs; however, it is worth noting that these big kitties need a high-protein diet, and their daily caloric needs can be far higher than that of a smaller cat. We recommend feeding your Maine Coon cats a fresh diet or offering a high-quality commercial brand that lists real fish or meat as its number one ingredient.

As your Main Coon ages, you might find it necessary to cut back a bit. Offering an age-appropriate diet is one of the best ways to ensure that your feline friend enjoys good health throughout their golden years.

The Maine Coon benefits from frequent grooming. Their silky soft undercoat has a tendency to become matted if left unattended, so daily brushing might be necessary. Your cat will appreciate the regular grooming sessions and view them as an additional opportunity to bond.

As these are big, heavy cats, you may want to teach them to accept nail trimming from a very young age. Keeping your Maine Coon cat's claws trimmed will spare your furniture, your clothing, and your skin.

Consider teaching your cat to allow you to brush their teeth. This can cut back on professional dental procedures and help maintain your pet's overall wellness.

While Maine Coon cats are playful, they are equally fond of lounging and too much inactivity can lead to obesity over time. Encourage your cat to play and if possible, consider teaching them to walk on a leash. The more activity your cat gets, the better their health is likely to be for the long term.

Maine Coon cats are generally very healthy; in fact, the oldest cat in the world is a Maine Coon named Rubble, who reached the age of 31 in 2020. That's almost 150 human years!

Certain individuals may suffer from health problems including hip dysplasia and feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Reputable breeders take care to screen potential parents and minimize the likelihood that either of these problems will occur.

History

As you might have guessed, the Maine Coon cat is a native of the state of Maine. Endemic to the United States of America, this breed probably originated in the 1850s, when long-haired cats were brought to America and mated with local shorthaired cats. The result was a hearty, healthy, large cat with a medium hair coat, a characteristic ringed tail reminiscent of that of a raccoon, and incredible hunting prowess.

The breed was exhibited at cat shows throughout the late 19th century. Farmers who prized these cats for their outstanding ability to keep barns and outbuildings free from rodents held their own competition, called the "Maine State Champion Coon Cat" contest at the Skowhegan, Maine fair.

Maine Coon cats briefly fell out of fashion during the early 20th century, when more exotic long-haired cat breeds such as Persians came to the US. The breed declined until the 1950s, when Maine Coons regained popularity – probably because they are such gentle giants.

We have a trio of Maine Coon cats aficionados to thank for creating the Central Maine Cat Club (CMCC) and perhaps even preserving the breed for future generations. In an effort to increase awareness about the breed, Alta Smith, Ruby Dyer, and Ethylin Whittemore posted cat shows and exhibitions that featured photographs of Maine Coon cats. The CMCC didn’t only help this unique breed regain popularity; they created the first written breed standards for Maine Coon cats.

CFA granted Maine Coon cats provisional status in May 1975, and they approved the breed for championship status in 1976. Today, Maine Coon cats are recognized by all major cat registries.

Maine Coon Cat History

Did You Know?

The largest domestic cat on record is a Maine Coon. While average males can weigh up to 18 pounds, it's not unheard of for a big male Maine Coon cat to weigh up to 25 pounds. The heaviest Maine Coon cat on record is named Ludo. He weighs in at 34 pounds.

Maine Coons are the oldest natural cat breed in the United States. Not surprisingly, they are also the official cat of the state of Maine.

The longest Maine Coon cat on record was named Stewie. He measured 48.5 inches from the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail, according to the Guinness Book of World Records.

The Breed Standard

About the Maine Coon Cat

Eyes

The Maine Coon cat should have large, expressive eyes with an oval shape. They should slant slightly toward the outer base of the ears. The eye color should complement the coat’s color.

Legs & Paws

The legs should be substantial, and of medium length, well proportioned in comparison to the body. The forelegs should be straight, and the back leg should appear straight when viewed from behind. Maine Coon cats have large, rounded paws that are well tufted. Polydactyl Maine Coon cats are accepted (and sometimes even encouraged) in the show ring.

Tail

The tail should be long, and should be wider at the base with tapering toward the end. A luxuriant, flowing plume is desirable.

Body

Maine Coon cats are muscular, well proportioned, and rectangular, giving the impression of overall balance. Male Maine Coons are typically larger than females and it’s not at all unusual for a male to achieve a weight of 20 pounds or more.

Head

The head should be of medium width, and it should be a touch longer than it is wide. The muzzle should have a visibly square shape and be of medium length. The chin should be strong and firm, and in profile, chin depth should appear squared, creating a 90° angle.

Ears

The ears should be large with wide bases that taper to pointed tips. They should be set approximately one year's width apart at the base, and should have ample furnishing. Tufts are desirable.

Coat

Maine Coon cats have an uneven double coat with a silky soft satin undercoat and longer guard hairs over the top. Their tails are long and bushy, and they have a prominent rough across their chests.

Color

Maine Coon cats come in every color and pattern, however two colors are disallowed for pedigree: chocolate and lilac. Maine Coon cats displaying agouti coloring are also disqualified from show as are chocolate, lilac, or agouti colors combined with white.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much does a Maine Coon cat cost?

Maine Coon cats cost between $400-$2000.

How big do Maine Coon cats get?

Maine Coon cats tend to be large in size. A fully grown Maine Coon cat might weigh between 9-20 pounds or more and range in height anywhere from about 10"-16" inches tall.

How long do Maine Coon cats live?

The Average lifespan for Maine Coon is 9-15 years.

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