Burmese Cat

Burmese
Overview
Characteristics
Burmese
Temperament
? The breed’s dominant personality traits. While each individual has a unique personality, breed-specific genetics affect qualities like sociability, playfulness, and intelligence.
Loving, attentive, inquisitive, family-oriented
Origin
? Where this breed was first established.
Burma / Myanmar
Other Names
? In addition to their official names, most breeds earn a few nicknames.
American Burmese, European Burmese, Supphalak, Thongdaeng
Group
? Breeds are grouped by their size and coat type.
Medium-sized short-haired
Height
? The typical adult height among individuals of this breed. Height is measured from the top of the head to the bottom of the front paws.
8"-10"
Body Length
? The typical adult body length among individuals of this breed. A cat’s length is measured from the base of the tail to the tip of the nose.
12"-16"
Weight
? The typical adult weight range of this cat breed.
8-12 pounds
Life Expectancy
? The average lifespan of the breed. While life expectancy is fairly consistent across all cat breeds, some breeds tend to live shorter or longer than others.
12-16 tears
Price
? The average price.
$450-$3,000
Affection Level
? Breeds with a high affection level want to give and receive a lot of attention, while less-affectionate breeds are not as interested in petting and snuggles.
0 100%
100%
Activity Level
? Breeds with high activity levels will engage more in active play and demand more space and attention.
0 100%
80%
Pet-Friendly
? How well the breed tends to get along with cats, dogs, and other pets.
0 100%
90%
Kid-Friendly
? Breeds with a higher rating in this area tend to be gentle and patient, while lower-rated breeds may feel uncomfortable with children.
0 100%
90%
Sociability
? Breeds with a higher sociability rating will want to spend time with you all day, while less-sociable breeds seldom seek out human interaction.
0 100%
100%
Intelligence
? Breeds with higher intelligence ratings are more curious, investigative, and easy to train. Less-intelligent breeds are less trainable but often laid-back and easygoing.
0 100%
100%
Playfulness
? Breeds that score higher in this area have strong hunting instincts that make them great playtime companions.
0 100%
80%
Independence
? Breeds that score higher in this area are able to spend hours alone, while less-independent breeds require plenty of attention.
0 100%
20%
Vocality
? A higher rating in this area indicates a breed prone to plenty of meowing and other vocalizations, while less-vocal breeds are happy to stay quiet.
0 100%
100%
Grooming
? Breeds with higher grooming scores require more maintenance like brushing and bathing, while lower-scored breeds are virtually maintenance-free.
0 100%
10%

About the Burmese Cat

Burmese cats are accomplished conversationalists in sleek, soft packages. These gorgeous kitties are direct descendants of Siamese cats, which explains their chatty nature; however, their voices are softer and less demanding.

Just like their cousins, Burmese cats are playful, energetic, and highly intelligent. They're extremely sociable and they love to snuggle. In fact, these kitties are so affectionate that the National Alliance of Burmese Breeders (NABB) has nicknamed them the "ultimate companion cats."

There are two types of Burmese cats: American and European. The American Burmese is stockier, with a broader head, a shorter muzzle, and distinct rounded eyes. The European version, also called the British Burmese, has a long muzzle, a wedge-shaped head, and eyes that are distinctly slanted.

About the Burmese Cat

Care

Burmese Cat Care
Nutrition
Nutrition
Grooming
Grooming
Exercise
Exercise
Health
Health

Burmese cats do not have any special nutritional needs; however, they do require high-quality cat food with meat as the first ingredient.

Since diabetes and obesity can be a problem for these kitties – particularly later in life – it's important to limit their carbohydrate intake.

Thanks to their soft, fine, short coats, Burmese cats do not require much in terms of grooming. A weekly brushing can help remove dead hair, and a quick rub with a chamois can help bring out the shine in their coat.

It’s also a good idea to teach your cat to accept toothbrushing and nail trimming from a young age.

Burmese cats love to play so getting enough exercise isn't usually a problem. These energetic kitties have a reputation for carrying their favorite toys to their family members for fun games of fetch. They love to jump and climb, so you'll want to provide a durable cat tree.

If you want to engage your cat and boost their activity, interactive toys such as laser pointers and teasers are ideal for the job.

The Burmese is generally healthy, however there are some health issues that can affect some members of the breed.

Hypokalemia or low blood potassium can occur. While it is not fatal, it does cause muscle weakness. Your veterinarian can prescribe a potassium supplement if your cat has hypokalemia. Some Burmese cats suffer from diabetes. Avoiding high carbohydrate foods and keeping your pet at the correct weight are two preventative actions that can reduce their risk.

A small percentage of Burmese are born with cranial deformities. Others suffer from glaucoma and some are prone to urinary tract disease and kidney stones. Burmese cats are also prone to feline hyperaesthesia syndrome.

History

The Burmese cat has an intriguing history. The breed's story begins with a chocolate colored cat named Wong Mau. As the story goes, Wong Mau made her way to the United States when she was adopted by a sailor who was visiting Burma during the 1920s or 1930s. The sailor passed her on to a San Francisco Siamese cat breeder named Dr. Joseph Thompson, who described her as "a rather small cat, fine boned, but with a more compact body than that of the Siamese, with a shorter tail, a rounded, short muzzled head, with greater width between rounded eyes."

Dr. Thompson also noted that the cat had darker brown points that accentuated her sable coat, and curious to see what offspring would look like, he bred her to a seal point Siamese. The breeding produced a litter of kittens that included some with the appearance of Siamese cats and others that looked like their mother.

Dr. Thompson then mated Wong Mau to one of her brown kittens. This time, the litter contained three different kitten types: Some looked like Siamese cats, some resembled their mother, and some were dark brown with no points. The sable colored cats without points were ultimately used to create the foundation of the Burmese breed.

Burmese cats were first registered by the Cat Fanciers Association in 1936, and the breed gained full recognition in 1957. Part of the reason for the delay was that some Burmese breeders were crossing their cats with Siamese - a practice that was ultimately prohibited. The outcrossings resulted in the development of the Tonkinese cat, so it certainly provided some benefits that cat fanciers can appreciate! 

Today, CFA recognizes both the American Burmese and European Burmese. All major cat registries recognize Burmese cats, but not all colors are permitted within all registries.

Burmese Cat History

Did You Know?

Burmese cats love to get into things. They easily learn to open cupboards to investigate the contents, so you'll want to keep your kitchen kitty proofed if you bring one of these inquisitive felines into your life.

Most Burmese cats trust strangers and make friends easily. If you often have visitors, this kitty's outstanding social skills are sure to make a splash!

Thanks to its muscular physique, the Burmese cat is heavier than it looks. These kitties have been described as "bricks wrapped in silk."

The Breed Standard

About the Burmese Cat

Eyes

The eyes are round and set wide apart. Most Burmese cats have yellow eyes, however a select few will exhibit blue eye color. Burmese cats with blue eyes are disqualified for show, however they make fantastic – and beautiful – pets.

Legs & Paws

The legs should be well-bproportioned and the paws should have a distinct rounded shape.

Tail

The Burmese cat has a straight, medium length tail.

Body

The body should be of medium size, with substantial bone structure and good muscular development. The cat should feel heavy for its size.

Head

Burmese cats have rounded heads with short, well-developed muzzles and a visible nose break when viewed in profile. The neck is well-developed.

Ears

The ears are of medium size with broad bases and rounded tips. They should tilt slightly forward.

Coat

Burmese cats have fine, glossy coats with a satiny texture. The coat should be very short and should lie close to the body.

Color

CFA recognizes Burmese cats in four colors: sable, platinum, blue, and champagne. Nose leather and paw pad colors should complement the coat color.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much does a Burmese cat cost?

Burmese cats cost between $450-$3,000.

How big do Burmese cats get?

Burmese cats tend to be medium in size. A fully grown Burmese cat might weigh between 8-12 pounds or more and range in height anywhere from about 8"-10" inches tall.

How long do Burmese cats live?

The Average lifespan for Burmese is 12-16 tears.

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