Can Cats Eat Carrots?

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Carrots are an exceptionally healthy snack for humans, containing large amounts of fiber and plenty of healthy vitamins and minerals, despite having hardly any calories. But if you’re enjoying a carrot snack, you might be wondering whether you can share some with your feline friend. Let’s take a look.

What Are Carrots?

It’s likely that carrots need no introduction. After all, they’re very popular in many countries. However, for the avoidance of confusion, let’s take a quick look at what carrots are.

Carrots are a type of root vegetable that are found in most supermarkets. They’re actually harvested from the plant Daucus carota, a plant in the celery familyThe bit we eat is the taproot. Carrots may be sold singly or in bunches, and may or may not have the feathery green tops still attached.

There are many different carrot varieties available. Carrots are usually orange, but may also be yellow, red, black, purple, and whitish. They vary in size from Chanetnay types, also sold as baby carrots, which are only a couple of inches long all the way up to the Imperator varieties, which grow 10inches long or more!

Carrots Nutrition Stats

Carrots are considered a nutritious vegetable for humans and animals alike. According to the USDA, 100g of raw carrots provides:

Water88.29g
Energy41kcal
Protein0.93g
Fat0.24g
Carbohydrate9.58g
Fiber2.8g
Sugars4.74g

So, carrots are low-calorie, low in fat, and high in fiber. Carrots are also a good source of some vitamins and minerals, particularly:

Calcium33mg
Magnesium12mg
Potassium320mg
Vitamin C5.9mg
Vitamin A835ug

Carrot Nutritional Benefits

Carrots are moderately high in fiber, with a fiber content of 2.8g per hundred grams of carrots. This fiber is made up of soluble fibers (pectin) and insoluble fibers (cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin). Although they contain natural sugars, the fiber regulates these and they’re released slowly into the system.

Carrots are a good source of vitamins, especially vitamin A and its precursor, beta-carotene, but also biotin, Vitamin B6, and Vitamin K1. Carrots also contain the minerals potassium and calcium.

Can Cats Eat Carrots?

The great news is that cats can eat carrots. According to the ASPCA, the root of the carrot plant is not toxic for cats. In fact, they even recommend giving it as a safe snack. Carrots are also a common ingredient in cat food, added for their usefulness as a prebiotic.

Carrots can be fed raw or cooked, but most cats will prefer them cooked as they’re quite crunchy, which can be off-putting. It’s a good idea to try cooking carrots by boiling, steaming, or microwaving before you offer them to your cat as a healthy treat.

If you prefer to feed carrot raw, try grating it or chopping it into small pieces over your cat’s food. Carrots are a safe vegetable to share with your feline friend either raw or cooked.

You should also remember that some cats shouldn’t have carrots. If your cat has health problems, or is prone to digestive upset, you should seek veterinary advice before feeding carrot.

Are Carrots Good For Cats?

Cats can safely eat carrots, but is there any health benefit to them doing so? Are carrots good for cats?

Antioxidants

Carrots are an antioxidant powerhouse, and contain several carotenoids – which were named after carrots! Beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, lutein, lycopene, and polyacetylenes are all antioxidants found in carrots to varying degrees. Whilst dated studies thought that cats and dogs were unable to absorb beta carotene from their diet, this has now been disproven.

Carotenoids are thought to have lots of benefits for humans, including a reduction in the risk of several types of cancers. However, it’s not yet clear whether any of these benefits occur in cats. One study did show that lutein improves the immune system of cats.

Fiber

Carrots are a great source of fiber for cats, containing both soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Soluble fibers feed the good bacteria of the gut, and slow down the digestion of sugars, preventing a blood sugar spike and giving raw carrots a low glycaemic index.

Insoluble fibers provide bulk to the stool and help the digestive system to move along normally, preventing constipation. They also help cats to feel ‘full’ or satiated, which has benefits for weight loss diets and preventing obesity. In fact, carrots are sometimes added to pet food for these benefits.

How Much Carrot Can A Cat Eat?

As with most foods, you can certainly have too much of a good thing. The fiber content of carrots can cause an upset stomach, leading to diarrhea. For greedy felines, too much carrot over several days may even lead to hypervitaminosis A – an overdose of vitamin A. This is a theoretical risk, more than a real one – most cats don’t like carrot nearly enough to have that as a risk!

Although carrot is considered a low-calorie food, it can still cause weight gain if too many carrots are consumed. Carrots should be counted in the ‘treat portion’ of your cat’s diet, which should be no more than 10% of their daily calorie allowance. For an average 9lb cat, that’s about 20 calories, or about 50g of carrots, assuming they don’t have any other cat treats that day. Again, 50g of carrots is a lot, and chances are your cat won’t be willing to eat this much carrot.

A good rule of thumb is to feed your carrot no more than a thumb-sized piece of carrot daily. As with most vegetables, your cat will likely prefer to eat cooked carrot. You should also take care to cut the carrot into bite-sized pieces to reduce the risk of choking.

The first time you feed your cat carrot you should give only a piece the size of your thumbnail. If they eat it, monitor them for the next 48 hours to ensure they don’t suffer from side effects.

Final Thoughts

If your cat has snaffled a slice of carrot already, you’ll be pleased to hear that carrots are safe for cats to eat. But, just because cats can eat carrot doesn’t meant they’ll want to. If you want to try feeding carrots to your cat, start off with a cooked slice as a treat or with their normal food. If your cat enjoys it, they can eat this healthy root vegetable a couple of times a week. Other human foods may not be safe for cats though, so do check each food before offering them to your feline friend.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can kittens eat carrots?

Cats can start eating carrots as soon as they are on solid food. However, you should bear in mind that raw carrot can be a choking hazard, so it’s best to cook the carrot and carefully cut it into pieces small enough for your kitten to eat.

Can I give my cat raw carrots?

Cats can eat raw carrots, but they probably won’t enjoy them. Raw carrots are harder for cats to eat, and the texture is likely to be offputting. Remember that raw carrot can be a choking hazard, so you need to cut it into small pieces or grate it.

What vegetables are safe for cats?

Other than carrots, you can also consider sharing veggies such as zucchini, green beans, winter squash, and steamed broccoli. However, it’s important to remember that cats are primarily carnivorous, and may not appreciate your vegetable offerings!

Can cats be vegetarian or vegan?

Cats are obligate carnivores, which means they cannot get all the nutrition they need without eating meat. Plants are missing the amino acid taurine, which is essential for cats. Whilst vegetarian and vegan diets may have synthetic taurine added, not enough research has been done to ensure that vegetarian diets are not harmful to cats.

View Sources

http://www.allnaturalpetcare.com/Animal_Nutrition_Research/Canine_&_Feline_Nutritional_Immunology.pdf#page=33

 

https://www.aspca.org/news/pets-and-produce-top-tips-vegetable-garden-safety

https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/toxic-and-non-toxic-plants/carrot-flower

Dr. Joanna Woodnutt, MRCVS

About Dr. Joanna Woodnutt, MRCVS

Dr. Joanna Woodnutt (MRCVS) is a small animal veterinarian and writer who is passionate about helping owners to learn more about their pets in order to improve animal welfare. She loves to write and wants to empower owners to make the best decisions for their pets by giving them all the information they need. In her spare time, she takes consultations on the small island of Guernsey.

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